For some, a Home Equity Line of Credit can be more of a liability than an asset.
If you've been paying off your mortgage for a couple of years and have built up some equity in your home, you have likely considered opening a Home Equity Line of Credit (HELOC).
What is home equity?
Home equity is essentially the amount of your home that you own. It is the difference between how much you owe on your loan and how much your house is worth. For example, if your home is worth $200,000 and you have paid off $25,000 of your mortgage, plus put down 20% ($40,000), you would essentially have $65,000 equity in your home.
What is a Home Equity Line Of Credit?
A HELOC is a lot like a credit card, but the limit is based on the amount of equity that you have in your home. Many banks will give you a line of credit equal to about 80% of your equity, so the owner of the $200,000 house in the above example would be able to borrow about $52,000.
A HELOC is convenient for many reasons:
- You can open it but not ever use it and just keep it there as an "emergency fund."
- The debt is sometimes tax deductible, which is very convenient if you are looking to consolidate credit cards and other debt, which has a high interest rate, and payments are not tax deductible.
- You can use it to pay for large ticket items like a house renovation, medical bills, college tuition, or a new car where you need instant access to huge sums.
1.) Miss payments and you can lose your home: Unlike a credit card, a HELOC represents secured debt. Guess what the security on that debt is? Your home! Default on your HELOC and you could lose your home. If you are the kind of person who is predisposed to running up lots of debt, perhaps a HELOC is not for you.
2.) It's not a dependable emergency fund: If you have set up your HELOC and plan to use it as an emergency fund, think again. Banks can freeze your HELOC at any time and often do when there is a drop in the job market or a drop in your credit-both of which can happen at a time when you most need your emergency fund. Again, if you are in a situation where you end up not being able to pay the HELOC back, you will lose your home.
3.) It's not free money, just more debt: A HELOC can make you think that you actually have more money than you really do. It's not free money, it's just more debt. You've worked hard to build up the equity in your home; it's not worth it to blow that with carefree HELOC spending. Plus, when you have to pay the HELOC back, you will have the double whammy of paying your mortgage and the HELOC at the same time. Isn't your goal to ultimately get out of debt?
4.) Some HELOCs require a balloon repayment: Some HELOCs require that you pay back all of your cash using a balloon payment at the end of your withdrawal period. If finances are already tight and you are literally using your HELOC as a credit card, a lump sum payment may be out of the question.
5.) You many not be able to refinance without paying off your HELOC first: Some lenders won't let you refinance without paying off your HELOC first. If you have plans to refinance in the next few years and think that the HELOC will be too much of a temptation, don't get started.
The most important thing to remember is that a Home Equity Line of credit is not free money. It's debt that you are adding to your pile, debt that you had previously paid off.
Of course, there are many good uses for a HELOC and many benefits of using that type of credit over high interest rate credit cards. Stillunless you have a solid repayment plan and have carefully considered all of the things that could possibly go wrong with your HELOC, you shouldn't get one!